Encryption

You can make use of the AdonisJS encryption module to encrypt/decrypt the values in your application.

import Encryption from '@ioc:Adonis/Core/Encryption'
const encrypted = Encryption.encrypt('hello-world')

The encryption is based on the aes-256-cbc algorithm and uses the appKey saved inside the config/app.ts file as the secret for encryption.

Encrypting/Decrypting values

The encryption module also generates a unique iv for every encryption call. Hence encrypting the same value twice will result in a different visual output.

encrypt

The Encryption.encrypt method encrypts a given value.

Encryption.encrypt('hello-world')

You can also optionally define an expiration date. After the given timeframe, the decryption will fail.

Encryption.encrypt('hello-world', '2 hours')

Finally, you can also define a purpose for the encryption. This is usually helpful when you are encrypting the value for a specific task or resource.

For example, you want to generate an encrypted link for sharing a post and then want to make sure that the link only works if the post id is the same as the one you generated the link.

const key = Encryption.encrypt(`post-${post.id}`, '30mins', String(post.id))
return `/posts/${post.id}?key=${key}`

During decryption, you can check if the post id matches or not as follows.

Encryption.decrypt(key, String(params.id))

decrypt

The Encryption.decrypt method decrypts the encrypted value. Returns null when unable to decrypt the value.

Encryption.decrypt(value)
Encryption.decrypt(value, purpose)

Support data types

You can encrypt the following data types.

// Object
Encryption.encrypt({
id: 1,
fullName: 'virk',
})
// Array
Encryption.encrypt([1, 2, 3, 4])
// Boolean
Encryption.encrypt(true)
// Number
Encryption.encrypt(10)
// Data objects are converted to ISO string
Encryption.encrypt(new Date())

Using a custom secret key

The Encryption module uses the appKey defined inside the config/app.ts file as the secret for encrypting values. However, you can create a child instance with a custom secret key as well.

const userEncryptor = Encryption.child({
secret: user.secret,
})
userEncryptor.encrypt('hello-world')