Mocking and Fakes

AdonisJS ships with fake implementations for most of its first-party packages. You can use fakes to have a better testing experience without manually mocking parts of your codebase.


You can fake the outgoing emails by calling the Mail.fake method. Once you call this method, all other parts of your application interacting with the Mail object will not send real emails. Instead, they will be collected within memory for assertions.

import { test } from '@japa/runner'
import Mail from '@ioc:Adonis/Addons/Mail'
test('register user', async ({ assert, client }) => {
const mailer = Mail.fake()
await client
email: '',
password: 'secret'
// Time for assertions
assert.lengthOf(mailer.size(), 1)
assert.isTrue(mailer.exists((mail) => {
return mail.subject === 'Welcome to AdonisJS'


Calling Mail.fake creates a fake only for the default mailer. However, you can explicitly pass the name(s) of the mailers to fake.

// Fake the default mailer
// Fake smtp and s3 mailers
Mail.fake(['smtp', 's3'])


Once done with testing, you can restore the fakes for selected or all mailers.

// Restore the default mailer
// Restore smtp and s3 mailers
Mail.restore(['smtp', 's3'])
// Restore all faked mailers

Finding messages

You can check for the sent messages using exists, find, or the filter methods. All the methods accepts a subset of message properties or a callback.

assert.isTrue(mailer.exists({ subject: 'Welcome to AdonisJS' }))
assert.isTrue(mailer.exists((mail) => {
return mail.subject === 'Welcome to AdonisJS'
const message = mailer.find((mail) => {
return[0].address === ''


You can fake events by calling the Event.fake method. The method accepts an optional array of events to fake. Otherwise, all upcoming events are faked.

import Event from '@ioc:Adonis/Core/Event'
// Fake all events
// Fake specific events
Event.fake(['new:user', 'update:email'])


You can restore events using the Event.restore method.


Finding events

The Event.fake method returns a fake emitter you can use to later fetch or find events.

const emitter = Event.fake()
assert.isTrue(emitter.exists((event) => {
return === 'new:user' && === 1

You can use the find and filter methods to find specific events.

const emitter = Event.fake()
// returns { name: 'new:user', data: any }
emitter.filter((event) =>'invite:'))
// returns { name: 'new:user', data: any }


You can fake the Drive implementation by calling the Drive.fake method. By default, only the default disk is faked. However, you can define disk names explicitly as well.

import Drive from '@ioc:Adonis/Core/Drive'
// Fake default disk
// Fake local and s3
Drive.fake(['s3', 'local'])


You can restore fakes by calling the Drive.restore method. Optionally, you can pass the disk names to restore, otherwise the default disk is restored. Or, use the Drive.restoreAll method to restore all the disk.

// Restore default disk
// Restore specific disks
Drive.restore(['s3', 'local'])
// Restore all the disks

Finding files

The Drive.fake method returns the fake drive object you can use to later fetch or find files.

const drive = Drive.fake()
// Find if file exists
assert.isTrue(await drive.exists('avatar.jpg'))
// Assert for the file size
assert.isBelow(await drive.bytes('avatar.jpg'), 1000 * 1000 * 20)
// Assert for file contents
assert.equal(await drive.get('package.json'), JSON.stringify({}))


You can fake the Hash module by calling the Hash.fake method. No password hashing is performed during the fake, and the hash.make method returns the same value.

import Hash from '@ioc:Adonis/Core/Hash'
// Fake hash implementation
const hashed = await Hash.make('secret') // returns "secret"
await Hash.verify(hashed, 'secret') // returns "true"
// Restore fake

Mocking objects

AdonisJS does not ship with any mocking library out of the box. You are free to use any mocking library from the Node ecosystem.

Following is a small example demonstrating the usage of SinonJS to mock ES6 classes.

export default class ExchangeService {
constructor (private baseCurrency: string) {}
public getRate(currency: string, amount: number) {

During tests, you can import the ExchangeService and mock the getRate method as follows.

import { test } from '@japa/runner'
import sinon from 'sinon'
import ExchangeService from 'App/Services/ExchangeService'
test('transfer payment', async ({ client }) => {
const mock = sinon.mock(ExchangeService.prototype)
.withArgs('INR', 600)
await client
.form({ currency: 'INR', amount: 600 })

Mocking network requests

You can use nock to mock the outgoing network requests. Since nock works by overriding the Node.js http.request, it works with almost every HTTP client, including axios and got.

Following is an example to mock the charges API of Stripe.

import nock from 'nock'
export function mockStripeCharge() {
return nock('')
.reply(201, (_, requestBody) => {
return {
id: 'ch_3KjEE62eZvKYlo2C0n3A7N3E',
object: 'charge',
amount: requestBody.amount,

Now, you can use the mockStripeCharge helper as follows.

import { mockStripeCharge } from 'TestHelpers/mocks'
test('complete purchase with stripe charge', async () => {
// Make a call to stripe API here